What is Stormwater?

Stormwater, also spelled storm water, is water that originates during precipitation events and snow/ice melt. Stormwater can soak into the soil, be held on the surface and evaporate, or runoff and end up in nearby streams, rivers, or other water bodies.

Polluted stormwater runoff is commonly transported through municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s), and then often discharged, untreated, into local water bodies.

An MS4 is a conveyance or system of conveyances that is:

Checkowned by a state, city, town, village, or other public entity that discharges to waters of the U.S.,
Checkdesigned or used to collect or convey stormwater (e.g., storm drains, pipes, ditches),
Checknot a combined sewer, and
Checknot part of a sewage treatment plant, or publicly owned treatment works (POTW).
Stormwater cycle

The 1999 Phase II regulation requires small MS4s in U.S. Census Bureau defined urbanized areas, as well as MS4s designated by the permitting authority, to obtain National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit coverage for their stormwater discharges. Phase II also includes non-traditional MS4s such as public universities, departments of transportation, hospitals and prisons.

To prevent harmful pollutants from being washed or dumped into MS4s, certain operators are required to obtain NPDES permits and develop stormwater management programs (SWMPs). The SWMP describes the stormwater control practices that will be implemented consistent with permit requirements to minimize the discharge of pollutants from the sewer system.

What is Illicit Discharge

Defined as "any discharge into a municipal storm sewer system that is not composed entirely of stormwater".

Examples:

Illegal dumping in storm drain
 NoFertilizers
 NoYard Waste
 NoPaint
 NoGasoline / Motor Oil
 NoPesticides / Weed Killers
 NoDetergents & Soaps
 NoCooking Grease

Keep an eye out for inappropriate ("illicit") amounts of discharge from stormwater pipes, especially during dry weather. This could be a sign that there is a problem and should be reported to your local municipality.

How You Can Help

CheckUse pesticides, herbicides & fertilizers SPARINGLY and away from storm drains & ditches
NoDO NOT pour household cleaners, oil, or paints on driveways or into storm drains
NoDO NOT blow leaves or dump lawn/yard trimmings into storm drains
CheckPICK UP litter
NoDO NOT store or expose materials to rain that could “wash off” into storm drains or streets
NoNEVER pour oil or antifreeze down or near a storm drain, or onto street

Report Illicit Discharges

Within the City Limits, report the following:

ReportWitnessing someone drop litter
ReportOil sheen in a body of water
ReportLeaves or grass clippings deposited in or near storm drains
ReportSewage odor from a storm drain, inlet, or body of water
ReportSpills or dumping of oil, paint, household cleaners, antifreeze, pesticides, or fertilizers
ReportDischarge of chlorinated swimming pool water to a storm drain
ReportSediment tracking from construction sites into streets
ReportIllegal dumping (at sites where regular garbage and trash is not picked up)
ReportWitnessing anything being disposed of into a storm drain

If illegal dumping or pollutants within waterways, culverts or storm drains is observed, we encourage residents to contact the City’s Infrastructure Department at (386)437-7515 or email us at stormwater@bunnellcity.us.

EPA STORMWATER DISCHARGES FROM MUNICIPAL SOURCES LINK: https://www.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater-discharges-municipal-sources